What Happens To A HIV Infected Person?

HIV is mainly distributed through sexual contact, injecting drug use, accidental exposure to blood and transmission from mother to child during pregnancy. HIV cannot be transmitted through sweat, tears, saliva’s, feces or urine.

During the initial (acute) infection, HIV is actively recurrent by infecting and destroying a significant number of CD4 T-cells. In response, the body’s innate immune system is active and the infection is gradually controlled.

The virus does not disappear during this chronic stage of infection. Instead it comes in a latency period that can last from eight to twelve years. During this time the virus will continue to remain silent, often with minor signs of disease. In fact, often only when an opportunistic infection occurs, a person even begins to suspect that he or she may have HIV. Until that time, the immune system is usually disturbed, sometimes it is very severe.

In addition to free circulating HIV, a subset of the virus called Provirus will be obtained in body cells and tissues called latent reservoirs. These hidden reservoirs provide HIV shelter by protecting them from the body’s immune-protection. Even if HIV is controlled with anti-retroviral agents, these provirus are able to persist, ready to renew as fully developed HIV at the time the treatment fails or the immune system collapses.

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Global Statistics for HIV and AIDS

Since HIV was found in 1981, it is due to the deaths of over 29 million people worldwide. Globally today, there are over 30 million people, of whom 69% are in sub-Saharan Africa.

According to the US Disease Control and Prevention center sightings in the US, approximately 1.3 million people are infected with HIV. It is estimated that 19-24% of these are not diagnosed.

Although broader access to ART has significantly reduced the number of AIDS-related deaths both in the US and abroad, the rates of new infections continue to increase in many countries with high prevalence, including in South Africa, where the number of HIV diagnosis increased by 100 From 2011 to 2012.

The WHO and the United Nations have sought to change this trend through the implementation of the 90-90-90 initiative, which focuses on the extension of national treatment programs through:

  • Confirming the HIV status of almost all HIV infected people;
  • 91% for those confirmed in anti retro-viral therapy
  • Make sure that 91% of the patients being treated are able to achieve complete viral suppression.

In doing so, it is considered that the global number of infections by 2029 could be reduced to 200,000 infections.